41A Soft X-ray Scattering

Scientific Scope

Beamline 41A, one of the TPS phase-I beamlines, is designed for studies of the electronic excitations of strongly correlated materials and their structure at the nanoscale. Using a novel monochromator-spectrometer design, the RIXS setup enables measurements of high-resolution resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering. Particularly, the beamline is optimized for cutting-edge research of low-energy excitations involved with the interplay between charge, spin orbital and lattice degrees of freedom. Excitations of phonons, magnons, orbitons, electron–hole pairs, band gaps, etc. are our focused topics. The second endstation named TACoDE provides opportunities of unveiling the structure of emergent materials at the nonoscale through soft X-ray ptychography and coherent diffraction imaging in the Bragg mode.

Beamline Description

41A consists of two experimental branches, RIXS and coherent scattering, specializing resonant inelastic X-ray scattering and coherent scattering, the latter including coherent diffraction imaging (CDI) and ptychography. Both branches share the same focusing optics and monochromator grating.

The RIXS branch provides high photon flux and a small beam size at the sample. The key optical components are active grating monochromator (AGM) and active grating spectrometer (AGS) which include their namesake bendable gratings. The AGM-AGS configuration is based on the energy compensation principle of grating dispersion to improve the efficiency of RIXS measurements significantly and without any resolution degraded. Our simulations show that the expected energy resolving power will be better than 60,000 for photon energies from 500 eV to 1000 eV. The refocusing optics, AGS and its two-dimensional detector are mounted a rotational platform with a wide range of scattering angle, from 17° to 163°. The detection system includes a multilayer polarimeter and is equipped with CCDs of single-photon sensitivity.

The coherent scattering branch incorporates a an in-vacuum diffractometer with two principal rotation axes for resonnat soft X-ray absorption. A soft X-ray spectro-microscope system using the Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) focusing optics is attached to the diffractometer. The system operates in the transmission or the Bragg refection geometry for ptychography and Bragg CDI, respectively. Through the resonance of soft X-ray scattering, a 2D area detector in the reflection geometry is used to image a superstructure diffraction to obtain the spatial information of spin, charge and orbital ordering. For ptychography, the probe is defined by a 1-μm pinhole placed 1.5 mm upstream the object.

Find a Beamline

41A Home




BL Schedule

Optical Layout





BL Spokesperson

—Di-Jing Huang (黃迪靖)
Ext. 7110

BL Local Contact/Manger

—Hsiao-Yu Huang (黃筱妤)
Ext. 3264


  • RIXS
  • Bragg CDI
  • Ptychography
  • Resonant soft X-ray scattering
  • Soft X-ray absorption


  • Condensed matter physics
  • Electronic excitations of strongly correlated electron systems
  • Functional materials
  • Spin, charge and orbital ordering
  • Soft X-ray imaging

General Information

  • Source: Tandem EPU48
  • Energy Range: 400 - 1200 eV
  • Focused Spot Size: Smallest beam size: 5 x 5 μm² (H x V)
  • Status: commissioning

National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center

101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu Science Park, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30076